Pips in Forex

In the world of forex trading, “pip” stands for “percentage in point” or “price interest point.” It is the smallest price move that a currency pair can make based on market convention. Most currency pairs are quoted to four decimal places, and a pip is typically the smallest change in the fourth decimal place. For example, if the EUR/USD currency pair moves from 1.1050 to 1.1051, it has moved one pip.

Pips in forex

  • Pips are crucial in forex trading because they measure the amount of change in the exchange rate for a currency pair, helping traders calculate their potential profits or losses. For instance, if a trader buys the EUR/USD at 1.1050 and sells it at 1.1060, they have made a profit of 10 pips.

The value of a pip can vary depending on the currency pair and the size of the trade. For major currency pairs involving the U.S. dollar, one pip is usually equal to $10 for a standard lot (100,000 units of the base currency). However, this value can differ for other currency pairs and lot sizes.


Understanding pips is essential for forex traders, as it allows them to manage their risk and make informed trading decisions. Traders use pips to set stop-loss and take-profit orders, ensuring they exit trades at predefined levels to protect their capital and lock in profits.

Moreover, pips are often used in conjunction with other forex trading terms such as “pipette,” which represents one-tenth of a pip, and “spread,” which is the difference between the bid and ask price of a currency pair. Mastery of these concepts is fundamental for anyone looking to succeed in the dynamic and fast-paced world of forex trading.

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